Logs Bridge API

Status: Stable

Note: this document defines a log backend API. The API is not intended to be called by application developers directly. It is provided for logging library authors to build log appenders, which use this API to bridge between existing logging libraries and the OpenTelemetry log data model.

The Logs Bridge API consist of these main components:

graph TD
    A[LoggerProvider] -->|Get| B(Logger)
    B -->|Emit| C(LogRecord)

LoggerProvider

Loggers can be accessed with a LoggerProvider.

In implementations of the API, the LoggerProvider is expected to be the stateful object that holds any configuration.

Normally, the LoggerProvider is expected to be accessed from a central place. Thus, the API SHOULD provide a way to set/register and access a global default LoggerProvider.

LoggerProvider operations

The LoggerProvider MUST provide the following functions:

  • Get a Logger

Get a Logger

This API MUST accept the following parameters:

  • name: This name uniquely identifies the instrumentation scope, such as the instrumentation library (e.g. io.opentelemetry.contrib.mongodb), package, module or class name. If an application or library has built-in OpenTelemetry instrumentation, both Instrumented library and Instrumentation library may refer to the same library. In that scenario, the name denotes a module name or component name within that library or application.

  • version (optional): Specifies the version of the instrumentation scope if the scope has a version (e.g. a library version). Example value: 1.0.0.

  • schema_url (optional): Specifies the Schema URL that should be recorded in the emitted telemetry.

  • attributes (optional): Specifies the instrumentation scope attributes to associate with emitted telemetry. This API MUST be structured to accept a variable number of attributes, including none.

Loggers are identified by name, version, and schema_url fields. When more than one Logger of the same name, version, and schema_url is created, it is unspecified whether or under which conditions the same or different Logger instances are returned. It is a user error to create Loggers with different attributes but the same identity.

The term identical applied to Loggers describes instances where all identifying fields are equal. The term distinct applied to Loggers describes instances where at least one identifying field has a different value.

The effect of associating a Schema URL with a Logger MUST be that the telemetry emitted using the Logger will be associated with the Schema URL, provided that the emitted data format is capable of representing such association.

Logger

The Logger is responsible for emitting LogRecords.

Logger operations

The Logger MUST provide functions to:

  • Emit a LogRecord

Emit a LogRecord

The effect of calling this API is to emit a LogRecord to the processing pipeline.

The API MUST accept the following parameters:

All parameters are optional.

Optional and required parameters

The operations defined include various parameters, some of which are marked optional. Parameters not marked optional are required.

For each optional parameter, the API MUST be structured to accept it, but MUST NOT obligate a user to provide it.

For each required parameter, the API MUST be structured to obligate a user to provide it.

Concurrency requirements

For languages which support concurrent execution the Logs Bridge APIs provide specific guarantees and safeties.

LoggerProvider - all methods are safe to be called concurrently.

Logger - all methods are safe to be called concurrently.

Artifact Naming

The Logs Bridge API is not intended to be called by application developers directly, and SHOULD include documentation that discourages direct use. However, in the event OpenTelemetry were to add a user facing API, the Logs Bridge API would be a natural starting point. Therefore, Log Bridge API artifact, package, and class names MUST NOT include the terms “bridge”, “appender”, or any other qualifier that would prevent evolution into a user facing API.